Covid-19 caused by a member of Coronaviruses (CoV) family. It has many viruses that caused illnesses like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new type of coronavirus. Coronaviruses circulate between animals and humans. According to the investigation, SARS-CoV transferred civet cats to civilians and MERS-CoVs from dromedary camels to humans. And some recognized coronaviruses pass on to animals only.
SARS or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome is an infectious respiratory decease. It caused by the coronavirus, referred to as SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). This respiratory decease was first discovered in Asia, in 2003, February. In the next few months, it spread over 24 countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. According to the investigations, 8098 people became sick and 774 died in the 2003 SARS outbreak. It means that SARS killed 1 in 10 infected people. Over half of those who died during the infection was over the age of 65.
SARS spread mainly in the air from tiny droplets of coughed or sneezed by an infected person. When another person breathes the droplets, they became infected. It also spread by touching an object or surface which was touched by an infected person with unwashed hands. SARS symptoms were high fever, fatigue, headaches, chills, muscle pain, loss of appetite and after these symptoms it attacked the lungs and respiratory system which caused dry cough and breathing difficulties.
MERS or Middle East Respiratory Syndrome is a decease caused by a coronavirus. It was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, September. But later they identified Jordan was the origin country.MERS was came from camels to humans. The symptoms of MERS were fever, cough, and shortness of breath. It killed 3 or4 people. The most dangerous thing was some infected people had mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. MERS spread just as other coronaviruses. Such as through coughing and sneezing by an infected person.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) causes respiratory symptoms including fever, tiredness,dry cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties on people. These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure. But some patients have symptoms like nasal congestion, aches, and pains, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. Some people get infected and don’t show any symptoms and they don’t feel sick. Most of the patients (about 80%) recover from the disease even without needing special treatment. Older people, as well as those with underlying health problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, may have serious illnesses.
How does covid-19 spread?
Covid -19 infects from a sick person to others when they are coughing or sneezing. These droplets land on objects and surfaces and others then catches Covid -19 by touching them. COVID-19 particularly transmits through contact with respiratory droplets instead of through the air. So it’s vital to remain away one meter from someone who is sick. The risk of catching covid 19 from someone with no symptoms is extremely low. Also, it seems to be a very low risk to Catch covid 19 from the feces of an associate infected person.However, we should clean hands frequently, after using the restroom and before eating.
Steps to Prevent the Disease
There is no vaccine to prevent Covid-19 so the best thing to do is avoid being exposed to the virus.
Clean Your Hands Often
* Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash your hands’ typically with soap and water for a minimum of twenty seconds particularly once you have got been in an exceedingly public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Because soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub kill viruses.
Avoid Close Contact With Sick People
*Keep a one-meter distance from people who are sick. Because when somebody coughs or sneezes they spray little liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which can contain the virus.
Avoid Touching Hands
*Avoid touching hands, mouth or nose because Once contaminated, hands will transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus will enter your body and may cause you to sick
Protection Measures for People Who are Sick
If you are sick with COVID-19 or suspect you have to be careful. Because you are infected with the virus that contains covid -19. You have to prevent it from spreading to family members and the community.
Wear a Mask if You are Sick
Wear a face mask around other people or pets if you are sick. If it is not able to wear a face mask you should not stay with the same room with other people in the house.
Avoid all Nonessential Travel
Keep Respiratory Hygiene Well
*It is very important to keep respiratory hygiene. Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you are sneezing or coughing and dispose of it as soon as possible. Because it will protect the people around you from being sick.
Separate Yourself From Family Members
*You should keep in an exceedingly specific space from your family members. Stay in a separate room and others should wear a mask when entering the sick one’s room. Also, keep your pets away and avoid petting or kissing them.
Avoid Sharing Personal Things
Avoid sharing your personal household items like dishes, drinking glasses or towels and wash them with soap and water after use.
Protection Measures for People Who are In or Have Recently Visited (Past 14 Days) High-Risk Countries
Avoid traveling if you are living in a high-risk country.Stay home for 14 days if you have returned from high-risk countries like China, Italy, Iran or South Korea. Avoid all social gatherings and crowded places. Seek for medical treatments if you are feeling unwell and inform the doctor before you go.
Who Should Worry About Getting Covid-19
It is a very low risk of catching covid -19 for children and young adults. Old people and people with high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes seem to develop serious illness a lot of typically than others.
Can You Get Infected Covid- 19 From an Animal
Coronaviruses are common in both humans and animals. For example, SARS and MERS were transmitted from animals to humans. Avoid direct contact with animals. Make sure that not to eat or drink raw meat, milk or animal organs.
The Spread of Covid -19
According to reports the worldwide variety of confirmed cases of COVID-19 is more than 100000 and 4989 deaths. China and other countries are working hard to identify sick people, give medical care to them and stop the virus spreading. Everyone should care for themselves and others too.
China is the origin country of COVID-19 (coronavirus). There are 80814 cases and 3177 deaths. 64119 people recovered from the decease.
There are 7979 COVID-19 (coronavirus) cases and 71 deaths in South Korea. Every day nearly 20,000 people are testing for coronavirus.
Outside of China, countries like Italy, Iran and South Korea are leading the world in new COVID-19 (coronavirus) cases.
Italy began a huge quarantine of the country’s northern Lombardy region in March and has extended this lockout to the whole country. Lots of people have been asked to be home barely commuting to work is completely essential. None of them are allowed to leaving the country.
Last Wednesday, the government closed basically all commercial activities. Including bars and restaurants. Supermarkets, pharmacies, and newsstands allowed to open. All schools in Italy closed until at least April 3. But Italy’s nationwide isolation as the first in Europe isn’t a severe ban on just like in Wuhan, China. Italians still can move for work, buy groceries and other essentials and for health issues. Police roadblock has set up all over the country.
The death toll from an outbreak of coronavirus in Italy has jumped in the last 24 hours by 189 to 1,016, a rise of 23 percent.yOn Tuesday, more than 60,000 tests had been done. More than twice as many tests as the United Kingdom had done
Two weeks ago, Iran’s president said that the COVID-19 (coronavirus) epidemic would be a great problem. Now, with the total number of cases standing at more than ten thousand. Iran is scrambling to control one of the worst outbreaks in the world with more than 400 people deaths.
The virus firstly spread in the holy city of Qom. It is the place where thousands of travelers from Iran and around the Middle East travel each day. The main cause for spreading the virus so badly is that the parliamentary election happened after a couple of days of the first deaths and cases reported in Qom.
The government failed to control the virus at this early stage. But the problem became more dangerous after nearly 3 a dozen Iranian government officials and members of parliament were infected. Not only that but also a senior adviser to the supreme leader died.
Now, Friday prayers canceled. Schools and universities closed until further notice. Government offices remain open, but employees must work fewer hours.
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